Jul 13 2009

Welcome to the Carnival of Space #111 — The Apollo 11 Launch Anniversary Edition

Published by Dr. Bruce Cordell at 8:10 am under Readers' Favorite Posts

Welcome to the Carnival of Space #111.

This week we celebrate the 40th Anniversary of the civilization-altering launch of Apollo 11 “One giant leap for mankind” on July16.
Click apollo11.jpg.

Although we start by focusing on lunar lore – including an exclusive interview with the Moon itself – our star trek illuminates many cosmic mysteries, from the core of the Earth to dark matter.

Enjoy the show!

The target on July 16, 1969. (David Haworth)
Click fullmoon.jpg.

MOON

Kenneth Murphy
of Out of the Cradle, arranged for EVA Interviews to go off-world this week to conduct an interview with our Moon as we approach the 40th anniversary of our first visit there and ponder our return, this time for the longer term.

Stuart Atkinson
of Cumbrian Sky wonders if NASA’s LRO probe will finally kill off the ridiculous “Apollo Hoax” conspiracy Theory . Stuart looks at why NASA couldn’t possibly have kept such a huge secret – especially for so long! – from some new angles.

Earthrise on Christmas Eve, 1968 from Apollo 8.
Click earthrise.jpg.

EARTH

David Portree
of RobotExplorers.blogspot.com describes how MIT Professor Paul Sandorff taught the Interdepartmental Student Project in Systems Engineering in Spring 1967 at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Boston. Sandorff noted that the asteroid Icarus and Earth would pass each other at a distance of four million miles on June 19, 1968. He then asked his students to suppose that, instead of missing Earth on that date, mile-wide Icarus would strike in the Atlantic Ocean east of Bermuda with the explosive force of 500,000 megatons of TNT. Debris flung into the atmosphere would cool the planet and a 100-foot wave would inundate MIT. Sandorff gave his class until May 27, 1967 to develop a plan for averting the catastrophe. Guess what the students proposed to do…

Ivan Pankov
at ScienceAround.com has a new blog and this is his first submission to the Carnival. Congratulations Ivan! It’s about different models for Earth’s internal heat.

Alice Enevoldsen
of Alice’s AstroInfo has a puzzle for you over on her blog this week, if you like thinking about the motions of the sky.

Totality from Kenya in 1980. (Wendy Carlos)
Click eclipse.jpg.

SUN+

DJ
of OrbitalHub.com notes that on June 30, 2009, the Ulysses mission came to an end, one year after the predicted end date. Ulysses is one of the longest space missions to date, and holds the record for the longest running ESA operated spacecraft, with a total mission duration of 6,842 days (18 years, 8 months, and 24 days).

Steve Nerlich
of Cheap Astronomy delivers a podcast on the ‘classic’ tests of Einstein’s relativity which are all about astronomy and all about good scientific method.

Click hstmars.jpg. Mars vs the Moon — A 40+ year debate. Click footprint.gif.

MARS+

Alan Boyle
at Cosmic Log checks into the practice sessions for getting the Spirit rover unstuck from its Martian sand trap, and points to some cool movies of a Red Planet sunset and Earth’s motion through Martian skies.

Nancy Atkinson
at Universe Today wants you to help find the Mars Polar Lander. Using images from the HiRISE camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, see if you can locate the lander that went missing years ago.

Ryan Anderson
at The Martian Chronicles has a post about a handy spreadsheet that he made that calculates the surface temperature, surface gravity, and key orbital parameters of planets
automatically! He also goes into detail about how the temperature calculation is done. Curious about how hot the earth would be if the sun were twice as bright? Or if Earth was where Mercury is? Go play around with the spreadsheet to find out!

Io…the exception that “proves” the rule.
Click io2.png.

JUPITER

Amanda Bauer
highlights Approaching Jupiter from her Astropixie blog. She describes a great animation created by adding images taken by one of the Voyager space crafts, as it approached the planet Jupiter in 1979. Also included is an update of the current status of Voyager 1, the most distant human-made object in space!

Jason Perry
of The Gish Bar Times comments on “Heat Flow from Io’s Dark Lava Flows“,
a paper estimating the contribution of dark volcanic flow fields to Io’s total heat flow

Actual angles subtended for both Andromeda and the Moon. (Barista)
Click andromeda.jpg.

GALAXIES

Kimberly Kowal Arcand
offers this beautiful image from the Chandra X-ray Observatory and Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope that gives a new look at Stephan’s Quintet. This compact group of galaxies was discovered about 130 years ago and is located about 280 million light years from Earth.

Yoo Chung
features “Positrons from Normal, Not Dark Matter, which talks about
the recent work suggesting that gamma-rays observed by Integral did not come from dark matter annihilation.

A man for all Maslow Windows!
Click buzz10.jpg.

FUTURE SPACE

Brian Wang
NextBigFuture provides the latest details on the development of nanoFET propulsion. Nanoparticle field extraction uses tiny thrusters that work much like miniaturized versions of massive particle accelerators. The device uses a series of stacked, micron-thick “gates” that alternate between conductive and insulating layers to create electric fields. These small but powerful electric
fields charge and accelerate a reservoir of conductive nanoparticles, shooting them out into space and creating thrust. NanoFET’s potential for high efficiencies, lower thruster specific mass, effiecient ISP from 100 to 10,000 and longer operational lifetimes are both mission enhancing and enabling.

And here at 21stCenturyWaves.com,
we honor Apollo 11’s Buzz Aldrin by featuring his stunning vision of the human future on the Moon and Mars: “Buzz Aldrin – A Man for All Maslow Windows!”

6 responses so far

6 Responses to “Welcome to the Carnival of Space #111 — The Apollo 11 Launch Anniversary Edition”

  1. [...] Carnival of Space #111 Another week, another awesome Carnival of Space! This week is hosted by 21st Century Waves, and has lots of great entries. Go check it out! [...]

  2. [...] http://21stcenturywaves.com/blog/2009/07/13/welcome-to-the-carnival-of-space-111-the-apollo-11-launc... [...]

  3. Torbjörn Larsson, OMon 13 Jul 2009 at 8:01 pm

    What is “a Maslow window”? … I can’t find neither explanation nor references here.

    Actually one can predict on exploration as a phenomena that visiting another body was the next event as soon as we run out of land to explore on this one … And I note that the 2-3 generation gap between Amundsen/Scott 1911 and 1956 will perhaps be analogous to a 2-3 gen gap of the Moon, so perhaps there is room for a more detailed modeling of the process.

    Hm? “Civilization-altering”, how do you define and observe that?

    Hi Torbjorn!

    Thanks for your comments. It’s great to chat about these concepts with someone who’s from Sweden.

    A “Maslow Window” is an important concept of this blog. About every 55 to 60 years there is a pulse of great exploration and MEP activity that’s fundamentally driven by long waves in the economy.
    You can read more about what the 1960s Maslow Window was like here.
    And there’s more about how the Maslow Window model is used in forecasting here.

    BTW, if you get stuck on any term or concept, you can always scroll down the left side of the website and use the “Search” command. Also, I’d recommend that those new to this site should check out The Concept page.

    I agree with your second point. Over the last 200 years there is a logical sequence of great exploration locations that went from more to less accessible; i.e., Lewis and Clark (Northwest US), central Africa, polar regions, and then the Moon. The great exploration/MEP pulses tend to be separated by about 56 years, almost 3 generations.

    Apollo 11 was civilization-altering in many ways including being the global focus of the 1960s Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. More about a possible new Cold War is here.
    Apollo also stimulated technology development in computers and a variety of “spin-offs” that led to economic growth by triggering an avalanche of industrial and consumer products. Perhaps most importantly, Apollo was transformative by proving that humans could leave Earth, and thus that human expansion into the cosmos was only a matter of time.

    Hope this helps!

    Best regards,
    Bruce

  4. [...] 111th edition of the Carnival of Space is up at 21st Century Waves, with links to various blog posts on space exploration and astronomy. [...]

  5. [...] compilation of the most interesting posts, it happens every week, this time Bruce Cordell’s 21st Century Waves is the place to visit. It’s all about Apollo this week, because July 20 is the anniversary of [...]

  6. [...] 111th Carnival of Space is the special Apollo 11 Launch Anniversary Edition, live now at 21st Century Waves. One of the [...]

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